With 48% of foreigners of nearly 170 different nationalities, the Grand Duchy has the highest ratio of foreigners in its population of all the countries in the OECD. 80% of foreign residents where born elsewhere and emigrated to the Grand Duchy. This evolution confirms the Grand Duchy's economic dynamism and its attractive quality of life. On the basis of the 2011 census, the STATEC study aims to describe the place of residence of the main nationalities present in the Grand Duchy, and to point to the differences that exist.
At the time the 2011 census was taken, foreigners made up 43% of the Grand Duchy's population. Between the last two censuses, i.e. between 2001 and 2011, the foreign population has increased by 35%, rising from 162,300 to 220,500. By 1 January 2017, the number had increased further, to 282,000, i.e. 47.7% of the country's total population.
However, the proportion differs widely in the country's different regions and municipalities: Foreigners are particularly present in Luxembourg City and the surrounding area, in the main municipalities in the southern part of the country, and in Echternach, Beaufort, Wiltz and Larochette. Thus nearly 65% of the people living in Luxembourg City are of foreign origin.
Conversely, a good number of municipalities – mainly in the northern part of the country – have fewer than 24% foreigners. Thus Luxembourgish people are clearly in a majority in Mondercange, Reckange-sur-Mess and Useldange.
The Portuguese population has grown constantly since 1970, and in 2011 it represented about 16% of the population of the Grand Duchy. On average, Portuguese people are younger than other residents, and most live either in the southern part of the country or in Echternach, Larochette or Vianden.
French people represent 6.1% of the population; they are particularly present in Luxembourg City and the surrounding area. It is the number of French people that has increased the most between 2001 and 2011 (+57.4%, compared with +35.9% for all foreign residents).
The Italian population, which is currently declining, makes up 3.5% of the population; it is particularly present in Luxembourg City and the surrounding area. Belgians make up 3.3% of the population; most live in the western part of the country. Germans make up 2.4% of the country's population; most live near the German border (Grevenmacher, Mertert, Mompach, Niederanven).(article written by the editorial team of the portal luxembourg.lu)