On 1st January 2017, Luxembourg had 590,667 inhabitants, 48% of whom were non-Luxembourgers. Compared to the previous year, the population increased by 11,159 people, thanks to positive net migration (arrivals – departures) of 9,446 people and a positive natural balance (births – deaths) of 2,083 people. With 48% foreign nationals of some 170 different nationalities, the Grand Duchy has the highest ratio of foreign nationals in its population of all the OECD countries.
11 municipalities where Luxembourgers are in a minority
For a small territory of 2,588 km2, Luxembourg has major spatial disparities in the proportion of non-Luxembourgish inhabitants in the population of its municipalities: while 70.7% of the population in Luxembourg City are foreign nationals, the municipality of Wahl only has 19.3% foreign nationals.
As a general rule, in Luxembourg City and the surrounding area, the main municipalities of the mining area in the south of the country and the municipalities of Echternach, Beaufort, Wiltz and Larochette, non-Luxembourgers are a majority.
In contrast, the municipalities in the north of the country have lower percentages. In most of the northern municipalities, foreign nationals represent only between 19.3% and 35.7% of the population.
A large majority of these foreign nationals come from the rest of the European Union.
According to the Statec study, there are 240,290 EU nationals and they thus make up 85.4% of the 281,497 foreign residents. The three communities most represented are the Portuguese (16.4% of the total population), then the French (7.5%) and the Italians(3.6%). Next we have, in size order:
- European countries outside the EU (15,400 people and 5.5% of foreign nationals);
- Asian countries with a share of 4.0% (11,164 people including 3,222 Chinese);
- African countries (3.0% and 8,321 people, including 2,855 Cape-Verdeans);
- Caribbean countries and North, South and Central America (2.0% and 5,714 people, including 1,968 people from the USA);
- and the countries of Oceania (193 people).
(Article written by the editorial team of the luxembourg.lu portal / Source: STATEC, 'Regards' No 09/2017)