A museum designed by Ieoh Ming Pei and a medieval manor house, a Place de l'Europe designed by Ricardo Bofill and Vauban's military fortifications — architecture in the Grand Duchy is all about coexistence, with a mixture of well-preserved remains and surprising modern creations. Moreover, this architecture reveals: a turbulent history, a prominent industrial past, and impressive economic development.
As an example, let's take the Old City of Luxembourg. Here, you can find thousand-year-old fortifications, included on the UNESCO World Heritage list: these remains date back to the time when Luxembourg was nicknamed the 'Gibraltar of the North', precisely because of its imposing fortress, which was dismantled in 1867. However, resolutely modern buildings, signed Perrault, de Portzamparc, Meier and Böhm, mingle with the remainders of the past, only a few steps away, on the Kirchberg plateau. The area was just a field in the 1950s, but rapidly became transformed as the country's European, financial and cultural hub.
In the south, this theme continues. Here, the remains of the iron and steel industry, formerly the pillar of the Grand Duchy's economy, stand alongside ultramodern research laboratories and fashionable offices for the creative industry. Across the country, internationally renowned architects have marked this easy blend of past, present and future with their ideas and expertise. At the same time, the architecture scene in the Grand Duchy is extremely lively: in 2013 some 900 architects were registered with the Order of Architects and Consulting Engineers (Ordre des architectes et ingénieurs-conseils, OAI). Added to this number are 450 consulting engineers and around 40 interior designers. Be it public buildings (museums, cultural centres, the 'Cité judiciaire' (Judiciary Centre)) or private residences, Luxembourg architects have established their style, at home and abroad.
Discover Luxembourg's architecture through the ages!