Official name: Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
Capital: Luxembourg City (coordinates: 49° 36' 36" N, 6° 7' 40" E)
115,200 inhabitants, of whom around 70% are foreign residents in 2016. The capital, Luxembourg City, has a history going back more than a thousand years. It was founded in 963, and counts a number of historic sites, including its former fortress (a UNESCO World Heritage Site), as well as more contemporary sites. Luxembourg is one of Europe's most important financial centres. The city is home to several European Union institutions and is one of the capitals of Europe, along with Brussels and Strasbourg.
Neighbouring countries: Germany, Belgium, France
Area: 2,586 square kilometres The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg extends from north to south over a maximum distance of 82km and 57km from east to west.
Perimeter: 359km. The country has 148km of borders with Belgium, 135km with Germany and 73km with France.
Population: 576,000 inhabitants (1 January 2016), of whom 46,7% are foreigners of more than 170 nationalities
Independence: 1839 (from the Netherlands)
Form of government: constitutional monarchy functioning as a parliamentary democracy
Head of State: HRH Grand Duke Henri
Head of Government: Xavier Bettel, Prime Minister, Minister of State
National language: Luxembourgish (Lëtzebuergesch)
Administrative languages: French, German and Luxembourgish
Currency: Euro (1 euro = 100 cents)
Country code (telephone): +352
Time zone: Central European Standard Time (CET) = GMT/UTC +1; Central European Summer Time (CEST) = GMT/UTC +2
Electricity supply: 220-240V, 50 Hz
Units of weight and measure: kilogramme and metre
Internet code: .lu (list of top-level domains)
Legal holidays: Public holidays: New Year's Day (1 January), Easter Monday, 1 May, Ascension Day, Whit Monday, National Day (23 June), Assumption (15 August), All Saints (1 November), Christmas Day (25 December), Boxing Day (26 December)
Climate: temperate, with no extreme fluctuations, tending to damp and cold. Annual average temperature: about 9°C; average temperature ranges between 0°C in January and 18°C in July.