Luxembourg's population counts about 590,667 residents (as of 1 January 2017). Among them, 308,919 are Luxembourgers and 281,748 have a foreign nationality — they represent by themselves 47.7% of the entire population. In the capital, this percentage exceeds 69%!
On workdays, 174,684 cross-border workers from France, Belgium and Germany joining Luxembourg's workforce add to this number (2016 figures). Luxembourg can therefore be considered as a pole of attraction for workers from the Greater Region.
So, today the country is an immigration hub, but this has not always been the case. Successive waves of emigration have driven Luxembourgers to Romania, France and the Americas, fleeing from poverty, armed conflicts and lack of economic perspectives. Emigration then turned into immigration in the 20th century, fueled by the development of the steel industry in the 19th and 20th centuries. All of this has contributed to making Luxembourgish society diverse, multicultural and multi-ethnic, proof that exchange between cultures is a foundation of a country's prosperity.
The consequence of Luxembourg's comparatively high standard of living is not only an excellent quality of life — as confirmed regularly by international studies — but also a life expectancy at birth which increases. Moreover, an excellent social security coverage, parent-friendly policies and an open, dynamic and emerging technology-oriented employment market allow the majority of Luxembourg's population to join the workforce to actively contribute to maintaining this standard of life.