From the start of the 20th century, political interest groups constitute themselves: the Social Democratic Party (Sozialdemokratesch Partei, 1902) and the Liberal League (Liberal Liga, 1904), followed by the Party of the Right (Rietspartei, 1914) were the first Luxembourgish political parties.
These parties are the respective predecessors of the currently largest political parties in Luxembourg: the Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party (Lëtzebuerger Sozialistesch Aarbechterpartei, LSAP), the Democratic Party (Demokratesch Partei, DP) and the Christian Social People's Party (Chrëschtlech Sozial Vollekspartei, CSV). Since World War II, the parties making up the respective coalition governments have come from this group, with the exception of the current coalition government, created after the 2013 elections, in which the Green Party (déi gréng) also participates.
Party politics today
The law of 21 December 2007 regulating party financing gives the definition of a political party or group. In the confines of this law, a political party or group is an association of natural persons, with or without a legal personality, which is involved, in accordance with the fundamental principles of democracy, in the expression of universal suffrage and the popular will in the manner set our in its statutes or programme.
Today, about a dozen political parties are active in Luxembourg. The current coalition government is made up of three parties. In total, six parties have been represented at the Chamber of Deputies since the parliamentary elections of 2013.
The landscape of political parties is quite stable. On the occasion of new legislative elections, however, it is not uncommon for small independent parties to be set up. However, their success has so far remained rather limited.
As part of the strategy for achieving a better gender balance in decision-making, the legislation on financing political parties has been amended in order to ensure that the under-represented gender occupies 40% of places on the lists of candidates, starting at the next elections. There is also provision for a graduated scheme of sanctions in the event of failure to observe this quota.
Here is a list of political parties arranged alphabetically:
Alternativ Demokratesch Reformpartei – ADR
adr.lu (Alternative Democratic Reform Party)
Chrëschtlech Sozial Vollekspartei – CSV
csv.lu (Christian Social People's Party)
www.greng.lu (The Green Party)
Déi Konservativdéikonservativ.lu (The Conservatives)
www.dei-lenk.lu (The Left)
Demokratesch Partei – DP
www.dp.lu (Democratic Party)
Kommunistesch Partei Lëtzebuerg – KPL
www.kp-l.org (Communist Party Luxembourg)
Lëtzebuerger Sozialistesch Aarbechterpartei – LSAP
www.lsap.lu (Luxembourg Socialist Workers' party)
Partei fir Integral Demokratie – PID
pid4you.lu (Party for Integral Democracy)
www.piraten.lu (Pirate Party)