The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg has an atypical labour market owing to the international and multilingual nature of its workforce. Around 70% of the country’s workforce is composed of immigrants or cross-border workers coming from France, Belgium and Germany.
They are attracted by tempting career opportunities:
- an international and multilingual work environment;
- favourable wage conditions;
- short distances between home and the workplace;
- a system of universal social security;
- a high standard of living;
- an exceptional quality of life.
Access to the labour market in Luxembourg is open to citizens of the European Economic Area (EEA). Third-country nationals need a stay permit (autorisation de séjour) and then a residence permit.
In Luxembourg, employees work 8 hours a day or 40 hours a week. Each employee is legally entitled to statutory annual paid leave of 25 working days. In addition there are public holidays totalling 10 days.
The Grand Duchy applies a minimum social wage to all employees working for an employer under a contract of employment. The rate differs according to the age and qualifications of the employee.