History Museums

National Museum of History and Art

Located in the heart of the old town, the National Museum of History and Art (Musée national d'histoire et d'art, MNHA) houses important historical collections. The museographical tour is spread over 10 levels — five of them underground, dug into the rock — and is chronological. From the depths of prehistory, the visitor climbs from floor to floor as if walking through the corridors of time. The rooms devoted to archeology showcase the human presence on the national territory, from prehistoric remains to the late Middle Ages. The highlights include an impressive series of aristocratic tombs of the late Iron Age and the famous Roman Muses mosaic found in Vichten.

National Museum of Natural History — natur musée

At the National Museum of Natural History (Musée national d'histoire naturelle — natur musée, MNHN), science and natural history are staged as an extraordinary adventure. The natur musée, located in the Grund district in Luxembourg City, in the former Saint-Jean Hospice, invites to the discovery of our planet and to get to know mankind and its environment. A window on the landscape and regions of Luxembourg, the natur musée participates in preserving the natural heritage.

Luxembourg City History Museum

Housed in a set of restored patrician houses in the heart of the old city of Luxembourg, the Luxembourg City History Museum (Musée d'histoire de la ville de Luxembourg, MHVL) invites you to discover the different eras that have marked the evolution of the capital of Luxembourg. The more recent history of the city is presented with the help of a thematic approach, punctuated by works of contemporary artists. Major exhibitions are regularly held on the top three levels.

Musée Dräi Eechelen — Fortress, History, Identitie

The fortress is the symbol of the centuries-long history of the city and the country. Partially demolished following the dismantling of the fortress of Luxembourg in 1867, the remains of the Fort Thüngen and its surroundings were uncovered, restored and rebuilt to accommodate the Musée Dräi Eechelen (Musée Dräi Eechelen — Forteresse, Histoire, Identités, M3E).

The museum, located a few steps from the MUDAM and the Philharmonie, informs the visitor about the fortress of Luxembourg, its history and identity and also serves as basis of information for the Vauban circuit. The Musée Dräi Eechelen is part of the National Museum of History and Art.

National Resistance Museum

The National Resistance Museum (Musée national de la Résistance, MNR) is located in the centre of the City of Esch-sur-Alzette, in a monumental building from 1956. It follows the history of Luxembourg from 1940 to 1945, the Nazi oppression, the reaction of the Luxembourg people (passive resistance, resistance movements, forced conscription, strike, deserters, Luxembourg in the maquis and the Allied armies) to the Liberation, by means of photos, objects and works of art. A second section deals with the Nazi repression and concentration camp system as well as the fate of the Jews of Luxembourg. Regular temporary exhibitions.

National Museum of Military History

Located in Diekirch, the National Museum of Military History (Musée national d'histoire militaire, MNHM) presents the history of the Luxembourg armed forces. Much of the exhibition is dedicated to the Battle of the Bulge in Luxembourg during the winter of 1944-45.


Visit the seven museums in Luxembourg City, gathered together in the 'Museumsmile': Villa Vauban, Luxembourg Casino, the Luxembourg City History Museum, the National Museum of History and Art, the National Museum of Natural History, the 'Dräi Eechelen' museum and the MUDAM.

  • Updated 28-04-2015