There is hardly another European capital that can boast contrasts as impressive as Luxembourg. The capital is a captivating contrast of large and small, old and new, valley and plateau, local and international.
The upper part of the city — the traditional, historical area — is perched on a rocky plateau surrounded by river valleys. The Kirchberg Plateau on the other side of the Alzette valley is the up-to-date contemporary headquarters of many European, cultural and financial institutions.
Since 1994, the powerful bastions of Luxembourg's former fortifications and the old city centre have been included on UNESCO's World Heritage List.
Luxembourg City is the safest capital in the world; its cosmopolitanism is evident at every level. With a population of more than 100,000, more than 68% of whom are citizens of some 155 different nationalities, Luxembourg City is without a doubt one of the smallest capitals in Europe; above all, it is a real microcosm of Europe.
With its reputation as a financial and banking centre, headquarters of the European institutions, administrative centre for the Grand Duchy and home of the government, the capital has also become the economic centre of the transfrontier Greater Region.
Together with the French city of Metz and the German cities of Saarbrucken and Trier, Luxembourg City is a demonstration of the practical side of transfrontier cooperation within the Quattropole.