The principle of equality between men and women was formally enshrined in the Luxembourg Constitution in 2006.
Luxembourg law also establishes the principle of equal treatment for men and women. To that end a Centre for equal treatment was created in 2006.
Discrimination can be direct or indirect and based on:
- membership or non-membership, true or assumed, of a race or ethnic group;
- sexual orientation;
- religion or belief;
Since 1995, Luxembourg has had a Ministry of Equal Opportunities (Ministère de l'Egalité des chances).
The Ministry’s activities focus primarily on the equal participation of women and men in the following areas:
- education and training: promoting awareness of stereotypical roles of girls and boys and their choice of occupations (www.girls-day.lu and www.boys-day.lu);
- Work and Employment: equality of pay and salary (www.cet.lu);
- action against violence, in particular measures to end domestic violence (www.mega.public.lu).